Colorado Procedures for Emergency Management Assistance Compact Requests

As we have seen through recent tornadoes, earthquakes and flash flooding, disasters may occur with little or no warning and may escalate more rapidly than the ability of any single local response organization or jurisdiction to handle. Large-scale emergencies and disasters may exceed the capabilities of state and local government to effectively respond and recover. To more effectively respond to disasters it is sometimes necessary to mobilize resources from other jurisdictions.  When state resources and capabilities are exhausted, additional resources will be acquired through interstate mutual aid agreements and federal assistance.

Mutual aid agreements and memoranda of understanding are essential components of emergency management planning, response and recovery operations. These agreements provide reciprocal emergency aid and assistance during an emergency or disaster. They can increase available resources and improve response and recovery efforts.  One of these agreements, the Emergency Management Assistance Compact or "EMAC" is a national Governors’ interstate mutual aid compact that facilitates the sharing of resources, personnel and equipment across state lines during times of disaster and emergency. EMAC was ratified by the U.S. Congress and signed into law (PL 104-321) in 1996 and in Colorado Statute (CRS 24-60-2901). Currently fifty states, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands have enacted EMAC legislation.

To help organize EMAC responses in Colorado, the Colorado Department of Public Safety, Division of Fire Safety maintains a database of local resources (Colorado Emergency Resource Inventory Report - for mutual aid. The Division of Emergency Management (DEM) provides an EMAC Coordinator to facilitate EMAC resource requests and

The EMAC Process:
  • Governor of requesting State issues declaration of state emergency
  • Requesting State assesses resources in state and determines need for out-of-state resources
  • Requesting State activates an A-Team to find resources, determine costs and availability of resources
  • Requesting State requests resources through EMAC process
  • States with available resources contact Requesting State with availability
  • Resource and Requesting State negotiate cost of resources
  • States complete a Requisition-A Form (Req-A) with agreed upon costs and mission duration
  • Assisting State deploys resources for agreed upon duration and cost
  • Requesting State returns resource at completion of agreed upon mission
  • Assisting State submits State Reimbursement Package to Requesting State
  • Requesting State reimburses Assisting State for resources Concept
DEM, under an effort by one of our Regional Field Managers, Randy Kennedy, has just completed an Administrative Guide to provide guidelines for responding to EMAC requests from other states.  Even if you are not on the EMAC team, you can read Colorado Procedures for Emergency Management Assistance Compact Requests online.  Too, if you are interested in learning more about EMAC or the Colorado process in responding to EMAC requests, get in touch with Randy Kennedy at